Special education is customized to meet the unique needs of learners with disabilities. The service one child receives may significantly vary from what another child gets. Special education focuses on helping children with disabilities to learn by tailoring their needs. It is worth noting that special education is a broad field and has a variety of specialties. Therefore, if you work with learners with extra challenges you are likely to find yourself in different scenarios. This is, however, dependent on the school type you will be working in. There are several types of special education one can take a child with special needs and here are some of them.
Push-in services are one of the renowned types of schools for children with disabilities who need minimal intervention. These students often receive ‘push-in” services as the initial step to the special education process. In most cases, a specialist such as a special language pathologist or an occupational therapist comes to the classroom to assist the teacher during the regular lesson. The specialist may co-teach with the classroom teacher or may do so alone.
In case students need more focused help pull-out services are the ideal type of special need they may require. This is can be facilitated by an occupational therapist, speech-language therapist, or other qualified specialists who work one-on-one or in a group setting with learners. This type of special need program is ideal for learners struggling with reading, writing, or speech. Inclusive classrooms are another type of special education program. This type of program has a mix of learners with varying abilities and co-teachers in the same class. Having students with different abilities in the same room allows learners with special needs to get the extra help they need while still in a traditional classroom environment. Sometimes some students with special needs will receive pull-out services to augment assisted learning.
Some learners notably benefit when placed in a small classroom setting with students with similar special needs. This type of special education program is referred to as exclusive education. The students seem to benefit from a lower student-to-teacher ratio even if they remain in a traditional school setting. Because of the small population of learners, students can grasp education concepts easily to overcome learning challenges that would hold them back if they are placed in the normal classroom.
In case students have severe cognitive impairments and/or physical disabilities specialty schools are ideal for them. These schools have a very low student-to-teacher ratio to ensure all learning needs of the student are met. These schools have a variety of specialists besides speech and occupational therapists to help learners improve their quality of life. To prepare learners in these schools for adulthood there are art therapy, job training, life skills, and other specialties services are provided.
Where learners need around-the-clock attention then a residential program is what they need. In most cases, these students have medical needs that special need schools cannot provide. Learners in this program are often transitioned into residential care facilities or adult assisted living facilities because of their health needs. Those are the major types of special education.